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The book of Job almost shipwrecked my faith. I had never spent much time reading it, but I thought I knew what it was about:

God wants to prove a point with Satan, so He sends all sorts of troubles to Job. Job endures and eventually cries out to God, “Why have you done this to me?” God responds, “Who are you, a mere man, to question me?!” God never answers him, Job humbles himself, and God eventually restores him.

I used to think, “Jesus goes to great lengths to describe God as a loving father. Didn’t he basically say, ‘If you ask God for a fish, he won’t give you a snake’? It sure seems like Job got a snake.” There was a time when I said to God, “Fine. You’re all-powerful, all-knowing, above all. But I’m a better father than you. I’d never do that to my kids.” I didn’t realise that God was trying to say to me, “Neither would I!”

My problem was that I hadn’t paid attention to what the book of Job actually said, I’d just assumed I thought I knew what it meant. Then I did a study of it, and paid attention to what the book actually said, and here are some condensed thoughts from it.

The source of Job’s troubles

God was not the one who came up with a plan to destroy Job. God was actually quite proud of Job. Satan conspired to destroy Job. Satan comes to “Kill, steal and destroy” (John 10:10). Jesus, who is the exact representation of God’s essence (Hebrews 1:3), comes to bring abundant life! So why did God allow Satan to oppress Job? I’m not quite sure. I suspect that after the Fall and before the Cross, Satan had certain freedoms to operate in the world. But Jesus came to destroy the works of the devil (1 John 3:8). I don’t think Satan has these freedoms anymore (at least, not in the same way). And either way, God doesn’t sit in heaven planning destruction for His people. God is love (1 John 4:8).

Why did God rebuke Job’s three friends?

God rebuked Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar “because [they] have not spoken of me what is right” (Job 42:7). You can pretty much ‘ignore’ most of their speeches, because God rebuked them for the counsel that they gave.

Why didn’t God rebuke Elihu?

Elihu was that young guy that spoke right at the end, and basically rebuked Job and his friends. Most people brush over Elihu’s speech. Even some commentaries say that it doesn’t add much to the conversation. Oh, how far from the truth! The reason that God didn’t rebuke Elihu is because Elihu was right. Elihu’s speech agrees in essence with God’s speech. I think we get lost in the archaic sounding poetry of all the speeches and think that everyone basically says the same thing, but that’s not true. Elihu rebukes Job for the same reason that God rebukes Job!

Why did God rebuke Job?

This was the biggest surprise. God didn’t rebuke Job for questioning Him! God rebuked Job because Job accused Him of being unjust. In the beginning, Job doesn’t turn against God or accuse God of wrong-doing, but by the end of his speeches he is convinced of his own righteousness, and that therefore God is unrighteous in his treatment of Job. What a horrible sin! Job’s sin wasn’t that he attributed his downfall to God (that’s another discussion); it was that he said,

“I will maintain my righteousness” (27:6)

and,

“Oh, that I had someone to hear me!
I sign now my defense–let the Almighty answer me;
let my accuser [God] put his indictment in writing.
Surely I would wear it on my shoulder,
I would put it on like a crown.
I would give him an account of my every step;
like a prince I would approach him” (31:35-37).

I would wear my indictment like a crown and like a prince I would approach Him?! It’s no wonder God roars from the whirlwind! Elihu responds to Job with,

“But you [Job] have said in my hearing–
I heard the very words–
‘I am pure and without sin;
I am clean and free from guilt.
Yet God has found fault with me;
he considers me his enemy’” (33:8-10).

and,

“Job says, ‘I am innocent,
but God denies me justice.
Although I am right,
I am considered a liar’” (34:5-6).

Job basically had said to God, “I am faultless, and yet you have unjustly found fault where there is none!” That maligns God’s character.

Elihu goes on to say,

“Can he who hates justice govern?
Will you condemn the just and mighty One?” (34:17)

and,

“To his [Job’s] sin he adds rebellion;
scornfully he claps his hands among us
and multiplies his words against God” (34:37).

After Elihu finishes, God speaks not to Elihu, but to Job, out of a storm, by giving a long list of his credentials for governing the earth and managing justice. This climaxes with,

“Brace yourself like a man;
I will question you,
and you shall answer me.
Would you discredit my justice?
Would you condemn me to justify yourself?” (40:7-8)

There’s Job’s problem! God accuses Job of the same thing that Elihu accuses Job of doing: “Would you condemn me to justify yourself?” God’s not angry that Job questioned Him; He’s angry because Job exalted himself above God!

How did God deal with Job’s sin?

Job has basically committed the worst possible offense imaginable – he has defiantly shaken his fist in his Creator’s face and said, “I am better than you!” (As I write this, I’ve just realised that that’s what I had been doing too: “I’m a better father than you.” I hadn’t planned that irony…)

What punishment should this wrathful, evil, unjust, unloving, ‘snake-giving’, vengeful, cruel, tyrant of an unrighteous god give to Job?

He blesses him.

Job merely says, “My ears had heard of you, but now my eyes have seen you. I despise myself and repent in dust and ashes” (42:5-6), and so God “made him prosperous again and gave him twice as much as he had before” (42:10). What a response from God!

Obviously, there is a lot more to the book of Job, and there are a lot of questions that I haven’t addressed (e.g., 1:6,21-22, 2:3, 36:11-12), but hopefully this is enough to spark some discussion, and, if you, like me, have struggled with the book of Job, perhaps this will encourage you to look at it with fresh eyes and see in it the God who is loving, and yet just, who doesn’t plan our downfall, but who sent his son to earth to get rid of Satan’s schemes once and for all and give us life… abundant life.

This morning I stumbled upon (pun intended – keep reading :) ) a translation issue that had always kept me from understanding properly something that Jesus said.

In Matthew 18:8 Jesus says, “And if your hand or your foot causes you to _____, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life crippled or lame than with two hands or two feet to be thrown into the eternal fire” (ESV).

Causes you to what? Almost every English translation says “sin” (NASB has “stumble” and KJV has “offend”). But the Greek word used here and in the parallel passages in Mark 9 and Luke 17 is the same word every time – skandalizo. It means to cause to stumble (+1 to NASB!).

In the context of this passage, Jesus is talking about entering the Kingdom by becoming like a little child – that is, by having a faith in him that’s simple and pure. In v6 he said, “whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble, it would be better for him to have a heavy millstone hung around his neck, and to be drowned in the depth of the sea” (NASB).

Jesus isn’t talking about committing acts of sin (the word for “sin” is hamartano, and it’s used later in v15), but about causing people who believe in him to stumble and stop trusting him. He doesn’t say, “If your hand causes you to commit a sin, cut it off, otherwise that sin could prevent you from entering the Kingdom” (although sin is still very serious and you should stop!). He says, “If your hand causes you to stumble and turn from trusting in him, cut it off, because trusting in him is how you enter the Kingdom.”

Jesus came to deal with sin himself, and he did a very good job! So trust him, believe him, put your faith in him.

John 6:28-29 – Then they said to him, “What must we do, to be doing the works of God?” Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent” (ESV).

Hebrews 2:1
Matthew 13:20-21

2 Timothy 4:10

Jesus said, “If you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there’ and it will move. Nothing will be impossible for you” (Matthew 17:20 NIV). While I don’t feel totally qualified to explain this verse, does the Bible teach that if we just believe in something, it will become true?

No. Faith is not like a genie in a bottle, that if we rub it, it appears and grants us our wishes. You cannot make untrue things true just by believing them to be true.

So, how does it work? What is faith?

Hebrews 11:1 says, “Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen” (KJV).

In the Christian life, the ‘things hoped for’ and the ‘things not seen’ are not ‘untrue things’ that we wish for, but things that are true because God has said they are true, but we may not necessarily see them.

Ephesians 2:8 says that by grace we have been saved through faith. You cannot see your salvation. And you cannot make Jesus come and pay for your sins just by believing it – Jesus already came and paid for your sins! Two thousand years ago! So, in this case, faith is the substance of things hoped for (salvation), and the evidence of things not seen (Jesus’ payment on the cross for your sin). Our faith does not move God to do something for us – our faith simply accepts what God has already done for us. If Jesus has not paid for your sin, then you can’t believe that you are saved, because it’s not yet true! But God doesn’t ask us to believe in what is untrue, only in what is unseen, but true. (As a side note, we are not saved because we ‘invite Jesus into our heart’ or ‘give our life to Christ’ or even ‘make Jesus the Lord of our life'; we are saved because Jesus took God’s wrath on the cross and the penalty for sin, and we simply believe that!)

And because we know that it is impossible for God to lie (Hebrews 6:18), anything that God says to us or promises us is true, although possibly unseen.

I dealt with this a little bit in another blog post here, mentioning that God told Abraham that he would have a son, Isaac, and that Abraham’s descendants would be counted through Isaac (Genesis 17:19, 21:12). This meant that when God told Abraham, “Take your son—your only son, whom you love, Isaac—and go to the land of Moriah! Offer him up there as a burnt offering” (Genesis 22:2 NET), Abraham was able to obey God, because if Isaac had died and stayed dead, God would be a liar. Abraham knew God’s character, and was able to be obedient (maybe another blog post could be about how knowing God’s character is crucial for walking in relationship with him).

So we need to think about what it is that God has said to us. Jesus once said, “Give, and it will be given to you: A good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over, will be poured into your lap. For the measure you use will be the measure you receive” (Luke 6:38 NET). Was Jesus a liar? Why is it that sometimes we don’t see this happen? Perhaps James 4:3 (‘wrong motives’)?

My first response is, “Let’s not call God a liar!” We may not even realise we’re doing this, but if we don’t see it happen, then there’s something wrong with us, not with him. Hebrews 3:19 claims that the Israelites weren’t able to enter the promised land because of unbelief. Isaiah 7:9 says that “if your faith does not remain firm, then you will not remain secure.” James 1:5-7 says that if you ask God for wisdom, he will give it to you, but you must ask in faith (believing that he will give it to you). If you don’t see it, what do you conclude? That God didn’t give it? It is impossible for God to lie!

My second response is, “Let’s not invent new theologies just because we don’t see or understand what God has said!” I could spend a while on this, but I’ll just leave it at that…

So, what was Abraham’s back-up plan with Isaac? He didn’t have one, because he knew that God would keep his promise. As you go about through life and encounter various issues, do you accept God’s promises that have addressed that issue, or do you have your own back-up plan because you’re not sure if God is going to come through for you? That’s fine if you do, I’m not condemning, and I know how hard it is. But let’s call it what it is – unbelief. And I’m guilty of this. But I’ve decided to stop telling God, “I just don’t know that what you’ve said really happens… why did you say this God, when it’s just not like that?” Those are words of unbelief. And I’ve decided to accept that what God says is true, and if I don’t see it, there must be a good reason. I can’t make things true just by having faith, but I can miss out on what’s true by having unbelief.

So, back to the original topic (sorry for straying a little bit): if I believe that God will provide for me, is that just wishful thinking, or is it based on a promise that God has given, and therefore I don’t need a back-up plan? Are there other promises like that?

Faith is not wishful thinking. It is accepting that what God says is true, regardless of whether or not we can see it. Some things (e.g., the payment for sin) are based on something that God has already done, and some things are based on promises that will be fulfilled in the future.

God has said, “I will never leave you.” If you feel like God is not close to you, then you feel wrong! God has said, “I will no longer remember their sins,” so if you think God remembers your sins, you think wrong! God has said that he “raised us up with Christ and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus” (Ephesians 2:6 NIV), so if you don’t see yourself seated with Jesus in the heavenly realms, you see wrong! God has said that you have received his Spirit, and you have the mind of Christ, and much, much more. Faith does not create those truths – it accepts them. But without faith, you could live your whole life oblivious to what’s true but unseen, and miss out on so much.

Believing in something that God hasn’t promised is delusional. But so is not believing in what he has promised.

___________________________________________

FOOTNOTE – My 2 cents on moving mountains

I’m far from having this figured out, but here are some thoughts. Jesus said that if I have even the tiniest bit of genuine faith, I can say to a mountain, “Move!” and it will move. We could invent all sorts of theologies to explain ourselves out of this one, but I think what Jesus is actually saying is, “If you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there’ and it will move.” As in, he’s saying just what he said. To be honest, I’ve never really thought that I could actually say to a mountain, “Move!” and it would move. I believe that God can do that. That it could be possible. But Jesus didn’t say, “Pray to God and ask him to move the mountain, and if you believe that he can do it, it will move.” I don’t think I’ve ever believed that if I said “Move!”, then it would happen. I may have suspiciously done some tests like that when I was a kid, but I didn’t believe it would happen – I would have been shocked if it had.

Anyway, that doesn’t mean that I should generate some faith and then go try it out on a mountain. When Satan tempted Jesus by telling him to jump off the temple because God would catch him, Jesus responded, “You shall not put the Lord your God to the test” (Luke 4:12 ESV). God’s power is not a party trick to be flashed around whenever it seems cool. Same thing with mountains – we do not go around trying out magic tricks on mountains. That would be testing God, because we want to see if God would keep his word, which is ultimately unbelief. But, if something comes up in your life where, for example, God tells you to do something, but there’s a literal mountain in the way, I believe you could tell it to move, and it would. Sounds crazy, but it only sounds like what Jesus said. When Jesus told Peter to come, Peter trusted him and walked on water. But Peter then looked at the wind and waves and started to doubt, and then started to sink. Jesus’ response wasn’t, “Ah, you did well. My will was for you to walk on water just a little bit.” No, he said, “You of little faith, why did you doubt?” (Matthew 14:31 NET). It was probably because he was walking on water and that’s insane! But when Jesus says “Come!” we just go, whether or not there’s water under us or a mountain in the way. And if the mountain doesn’t move when I tell it to, then I guess Jesus would say to me the same thing he said to Peter. Fair enough.

The ‘Parable of the Shrewd Manager’ (see below) is probably the most difficult of Jesus’ parables to understand, at least, for me it is. I read an article last week that attempted to explain it through middle-eastern thinking, and it was helpful to an extent, but I feel like it missed the point. The gist of the explanation was that, in the context of the preceding parable about the ‘prodigal son’, the parable of the shrewd manager is all about the character of the rich man who was about to fire his corrupt manager, but, because of the manager’s shrewdness in banking on his master’s goodness and honour, relented, thus showing God’s goodness and willingness to show mercy. This is one of a number of explanations that take the parable at face value.

But I think the key to understanding this parable has to be in Jesus’ comments about it: Continue Reading »

House (Medium)

When I was 6, our Sunday school group visited a farm, and we were driving around the farm with a bunch of us sitting on the back of a pick-up truck, towing a trailer full of people as well. At some stage I decided to climb from the bed of the pick-up to the trailer, but slipped and fell, landed on my back and was run over by the trailer full of people. Years later I had confirmed to me what I’d always suspected – that the 7 year old kid sitting next to me pushed me while I was climbing. Why? Not sure, but he had a pretty troubled childhood, so perhaps he’d never learned to love properly. I think we’d all agree it was a pretty lame thing to do. Continue Reading »

Here are some more photos from the Jesus Film celebrations a few weeks ago.

The book of Hebrews has quite a few warnings about ‘paying attention’ and not to ‘ignore salvation’ and ‘failing to reach God’s promised rest’, and a few times repeats the line, “Do not harden your hearts!”

The author of Hebrews, after everything he says in chapters 1-5, kind of pauses and says, “About this we have much to say, and it is hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing” (ESV). He then goes on in chapter 6 to say, “Therefore let us leave the elementary teachings about Christ and go on to maturity, not laying again the foundation of repentance from acts that lead to death, and of faith in God, instruction about baptisms, the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment.”

He lists six things that he considers to be elementary teachings: Continue Reading »

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